Umbhalo wokuqala owaziwayo owatholakala ekubhaleni kwesiMaya uhlehlela emuva cishe kuma-250 BC, kodwa lesi script kukholakala ukuthi sakhiwe ngaphambili. AmaMaya ayaziwa ngesiko lawo eliyinkimbinkimbi, elihlanganisa imibhalo eminingi ebhalwe phansi.

Ama-hieroglyphs amaMeya ayeqoshwe ematsheni noma emathanjeni, aze apendwe ezitsheni zobumba noma abhalwe ezincwadini. Izindikimba ezimbili eziyinhloko zemibhalo yabo kwakuyimibono yezinkanyezi neyenkolo.

Nawa ama-logogram amakhulu asetshenziswa impucuko yamaMeya ukuveza amagama nemibono.

Kunezimpawu eziningi zasendulo zamaMayan, ezinye ezidume kakhulu esizengeze ngezansi.

Izimpawu zamaMayan

Ubucwebe obuhlobene neMayan

Ababhali bomculi nguDavid Weitzman kanye Ka Gold Jewelry

Hunab Ku ngesikhathiImbali YokuphilaUkusungula komuntu siqu
I-Pendant Hunab KuImbali YokuphilaUkusungula komuntu siqu

Mayelana nomculi
UDavide wanikela iminyaka eminingi ekufuneni ulwazi olungcwele. Unolwazi olubanzi lweKabbalah, i-geometry engcwele, ukuhlakanipha kwamaMaya, ukuhlakanipha kwaseGibhithe, isiko lamaJuda, ubuBuddha baseTibetan neminye imibono engcwele.

Ngo-1998 uDavid waqala ngokwenza i-pendant ye-Merkaba. Izikhukhula zezimpendulo ezivela kubantu abamtshela ngezinguquko ezinkulu ezimpilweni zabo zamshukumisela ukuba aqhubeke nokudala nokusabalalisa lezi zimpawu emhlabeni jikelele.


Nazi izimpawu zasendulo zamaMaya zezinombolo 1 kuya ku-10.

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maya_4.gif (452 bytes) Abanemaya_5.gif (311 )айт) Ezinhlanu
Izimpawu zamaMayanSixmaya_7.gif (446 )айт)Isikhombisa
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Izimpawu zamaMayan

Izinombolo zamaMaya zaziyisistimu yezinombolo zedesimali (isisekelo samashumi amabili) esasetshenziswa impucuko yamaMaya yangaphambi kweColumbian.

Izinombolo zinezinhlamvu ezintathu: uziro (omise okwegobolondo), eyodwa (ichashazi) kanye nezinhlanu (umugqa). Isibonelo, ishumi nesishiyagalolunye (19) libhalwe ngamachashazi amane kumugqa ovundlile ngaphezu kwemigqa emithathu evundlile omunye phezu komunye.

Nali itafula lezibalo zamaMayan.

Izibalo zamaMayan

I-Haab kwakuyikhalenda lelanga lamaMayan elinezinyanga eziyishumi nesishiyagalombili zezinsuku ezingamashumi amabili lilinye, kanye nenkathi yezinsuku ezinhlanu (“izinsuku ezingashiwongo”) ekupheleni konyaka elaziwa ngokuthi Wayeb (noma Wayeb, ngesipelingi sekhulu le-16).

Usuku ngalunye ekhalendeni likaHaab lukhonjiswa ngenani losuku enyangeni, lilandelwa igama lenyanga. Izinombolo zosuku ziqale nge-glyph ehunyushwe ngokuthi "indawo" yenyanga eqanjwe igama, evame ukubhekwa njengosuku olungu-0 lwaleyo nyanga, nakuba idlanzana lilubheka njengosuku lwama-20 lwenyanga eyandulela inyanga eshiwo. Odabeni lwakamuva, indlunkulu ye-Pop iku-Yeb 'day 5. Kwabaningi, usuku lokuqala lonyaka bekungu-0 Pop (indawo ye-Pop). Kwabe sekufika i-Pop engu-1, i-Pop engu-2 ukuya ku-Pop engu-19, kwase kuba ngu-0 Wo,

Uhlelo lwe-Tzolkin noma uhlelo lwe-Haab aluzange lubale iminyaka. Inhlanganisela yedethi ye-Tzolkin kanye nedethi ye-Haab beyanele ukuhlonza idethi eyanelisa abantu abaningi, njengoba inhlanganisela enjalo ayizange iphinde ivele eminyakeni engu-52 eyalandela, ngaphezu kwesikhathi esiphelele sokuphila.

Njengoba amakhalenda womabili ayesekelwe ezinsukwini ezingama-260 nezingama-365, ngokulandelana, wonke umjikelezo wawuziphinda njalo ngemva kweminyaka engama-haab engama-52. Lesi sikhathi saziwa ngokuthi i-akhawunti yekhalenda. Ukuphela kokubalwa kweKhalenda kwaba isikhathi sokudideka nesiphazamiso kumaMaya njengoba ayelindele ukubona ukuthi onkulunkulu babezowanika yini omunye umjikelezo weminyaka engu-52.

Nali ikhalenda likaHaab (izinsuku ezingama-365).

Ikhalenda lelanga leMayan

Kuyi-almanac engcwele yama-Mayan yezinsuku ezingama-260.

I-almanac yamaMaya

Ikhalenda le-Mesoamerican Long Count liyidesimali engaphindi (isisekelo esingu-20) kanye nekhalenda eliyisisekelo le-18 elasetshenziswa amasiko amaningana aseMesoamerican angaphambi kweColumbian, ikakhulukazi amaMaya. Ngenxa yalesi sizathu, ngezinye izikhathi kubizwa ngokuthi ikhalenda le-Mayan ende yokubala. Isebenzisa inombolo yedesimali eshintshiwe, ikhalenda yokubala i-Long Count inquma usuku ngokubala inani lezinsuku kusukela osukwini lokudalwa kwenganekwane, oluqondana no-August 11, 3114 BC. ngokwekhalenda likaGregory.

Ikhalenda elithi Long Count lalisetshenziswa kakhulu ezikhumbuzo.

Nali Ikhalenda Le-Mayan Long Count kanye nezimpawu zalo.

Maya Long Bala

Lezi izimpawu eziyinhloko zamaMayan esizitholile kuze kube manje. Uma ezinye izimpawu zamaMaya zitholakala futhi zibhalwe phansi, sizozifaka kulesi sigaba sezimpawu zasendulo zamaMaya.

Uyabuyekeza: Izimpawu Zama-Mayan

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