Isihluthulelo sezinganekwane. Ingabe ucabanga ukuthi imifanekiso eqoshiwe yasendulo, izitsha zobumba noma ama-mosaic mihle, kodwa awazi njalo ukuthi imelelani? Ingabe uyafuna ukuxazulula izimfihlakalo zemidwebo ephefumulelwe yasendulo emnyuziyamu? Ungathanda ukufunda uHomer noma uSophocles, kodwa wesaba ukungaqondi ulimi lwabo olungokomfanekiso? Uyazi izinganekwane ezinkulu zezinganekwane, kodwa awuqondi njalo incazelo yazo efihliwe? 

Ingabe uzovakashela amanxiwa asendulo kodwa wesaba ukuphuthelwa ukubaluleka kwawo? Thatha lo mhlahlandlela uhambe nawo: uzokwazisa ukuthi i-caduceus ingeyani; yini okufanele uyiqonde uma enganekwaneni uwela ukhozi, inyamazane noma ihlengethwa; yiziphi izinzuzo noma izingozi ze-ivy, i-hyacinth, i-lotus noma i-mint; iyiphi indima engokomfanekiso isikali, isifuba noma isibani samafutha esidlalayo; lokho okhokho bethu abakubona enyangeni, eMilky Way noma ku-labyrinth ...

Izikhathi zasendulo izinganekwane kwakuyisisekelo senkolo nomlando. Akekho okholelwa ezinganekwaneni kulezi zinsuku. Namuhla abantu babona kuphela izindaba, ngokuvamile hhayi ezihlakaniphe kakhulu, eziphathelene nonkulunkulu, ukulwa kwamaqhawe, izimpi ezihlukahlukene namanoveli. Abantu basendulo babengenayo isayensi yesimanje yokubachazela ukuthi umhlaba usebenza kanjani. Bahlabela onkulunkulu, babuzana nezibikezelo. Babekholelwa ukuthi baphila esikhathini esingekude kakhulu naleyo lapho uHercules edala khona imisebenzi yakhe eyishumi nambili. Sisyphus wayenecala phambi konkulunkulu. I-Trojan War yayisondele nakakhulu esikhathini esedlule.

Namuhla, akekho okholelwa konkulunkulu basendulo, kodwa wonke umuntu uyabakhumbula. I-Mythology iphathwa ngokulinganayo nezincwadi, iyekile ukuba isisekelo sokholo (ngubani owaziyo, mhlawumbe iBhayibheli lizofika maduzane, ngoba izimpawu zokwelashwa okunjalo zavela kudala). Abalingiswa bezinganekwane baziwa emphakathini wanamuhla ikakhulukazi ezifundweni zesikole kanye nasesikrinini. Ekugcineni, kuvela izincazelo ezintsha zezinganekwane, kusukela ezinhlelweni ze-TV eziwubuwula kodwa ezibizayo njenge-Hercules yaseCanada kuya ekuguquleni okuningi kwezinye izinganekwane. Muva nje, kube nezinkulu umbukwane amafilimu - "Troy", ngaphambili "Odyssey", eqondiswe ngqo kumabonakude kanye nendaba kaJason kanye ne-Argonauts.

 

Ukubukwa kwamafilimu kube nomthelela ekuchazeni kabi izinganekwane. Onkulunkulu babengebona (phakathi kwamaGreki) njengabasanta (noma besabekayo) njengoba bevezwa emafilimini namuhla. Nokho, onkulunkulu abanamandla kakhulu basalwela amandla, futhi amaqhawe ayeqhutshwa ukuhaha noma inkanuko. Nokho, kukhona amamodeli amahle ezinganekwaneni futhi. Yonke inganekwane ihambisana nenani elithile lasemhlabeni wonke - elihle, elinethemba, noma elibi, elibambelela kukho. Izinganekwane zivame ukugxila ekulandeleni imithetho, nakuba kunamaphethini amahle futhi.

Inganekwane yokuqala ngokulandelana kwezikhathi - mayelana nokudalwa komhlaba - ibonisa izici ezingezinhle - ukubuswa kwamandla negunya. Onkulunkulu bokuqala - uGaia no-Uranus - bavela ezinxushunxushwini - izinkinga zokuqala zaqala. Izingane ezindala zalo mbhangqwana zazinengekile futhi zinonya, ngakho uyise wayesaba ukuthi bazothatha amandla akhe. Waphonsa ingqondo "ehlulekile" eTartarus - ingxenye ejulile ye-underworld. Umama - uGaia - wayengafuni ukubona ukuhlupheka kwenzalo yakhe. Wasindisa omunye wabo - uKronos, owagcina ehluliwe futhi wakhubaza uyise, futhi kamuva wathatha indawo yakhe. Kubonakala sengathi lokhu kwakuwukuphela kobutha, kodwa u-Krosno akazange abe ngcono kakhulu kunoyise - wadla izingane zakhe ukuze zingamncishi amandla. Umlingani kaKronos uRhea wenza "ngokwesiko" ukuze asindise enye yamadodana akhe ukuze anqobe futhi agumbuqele uyise. Futhi kwenzeka, futhi kusukela ngaleso sikhathi uZeus wahlala esihlalweni sobukhosi bonkulunkulu. Ekugcineni, waphenduka "ovamile" kunokhokho bakhe, nakuba futhi engenawo amaphutha. Kulezi zinganekwane, ungafunda imilayezo emibili ngesikhathi esisodwa - omuhle (ungakwenzi okungalungile, ngoba izenzo ezimbi ziphindiselela) futhi ezimbi (indlela elula yokuthola amandla ukuwasusa kumuntu). le "nsumansumane eyisisekelo ibambelela kuyo kunokuba ibonise lokho okudingeka kwenziwe kahle."

Mhlawumbe inganekwane edume kakhulu kaSisyphus. Isijeziso sokwembula izimfihlakalo zikaNkulunkulu kwakuyindaba engapheli nengenazithelo. Futhi, le nganekwane ngokuyinhloko iyisexwayiso - ungavezi izimfihlo zakho. Nokho, uSisyphus kuyo yonke imizamo yokuphendula itshe isiqongo uyaqiniseka ngokwengeziwe ukuthi ukuhlupheka kwakhe kuhloselwe ukufihla amaphutha enziwa onkulunkulu kuphela. Ngakho-ke inganekwane ingase ibe iseluleko - uma wenza iphutha, livale ngazo zonke izindleko.

Odysseus wayehlakaniphile futhi enobuqili, kodwa onkulunkulu basebenzisa amandla abo angaphezu kwawomuntu ngokumelene naye. Uma uthi nhlá, kubonakala sengathi umzulane oneshwa wayengenalo ithuba lokufeza izinhloso zakhe. Nokho, akazange adikibale ngakho-ke ungomunye wabalingiswa abahle kakhulu ezinganekwaneni zamaGreki. Wabulala, weba futhi waqamba amanga - futhi kanjani. Kodwa wasebenzisa lezi zindlela ukuze anqobe intando yonkulunkulu abanonya.

Nokho, izinganekwane azifundisi nje inqubekelaphambili nokungazweli. Kuyafaneleka futhi ukubala kafushane izimo zengqondo ezimbalwa ezingathathi hlangothi noma ezinhle ezimelelwe ezinganekwaneni. Bahlala emasikweni njengama-archetypes emibono ethile.

I-Prometheus - ukuvukela onkulunkulu ababi kanye nomzuzi wesintu.

Daedalus - Isimo sengqondo se-archetypal esinengqondo, ubuhlakani nokusebenza kanzima.

I-Icarus - ukungabi nesizotha kwe-archetypal, ukuphupha nokungabi nangqondo.

Nibe i UDemeter - omama abahluphekayo be-archetypal.

I-Penelope - i-archetypal ethembekile жена.

U-Hercules uyi-archetype yamandla nesibindi, nakuba wayengeyena ongcwele njengoba evezwa kuthelevishini.

I-Narcissus - i-archetypal egocentrism.

I-Nika iyi-archetype yokunqoba nokunqoba.

Orpheus futhi I-Eurydice - uthando lwe-archetypal kuze kube sekupheleni ithuna kanjalo, kudala ngaphambili"I-Romeo kanye noJulia".

I-Eros ne-Psyche iyinhlanganisela ye-archetypal yothando lwenyama nolomoya.

Yiqiniso, ngisho nezinganekwane “ezimbi” zinenani elingapheli. Yonke inganekwane endala inokuthile okufanele ifundwe - izinganekwane nazo ziyahluka. Uma ukhohlwa isikhashana mayelana nokuqukethwe "okubi" kwezinganekwane, ungafunda okuningi kuzo.

Uyabuyekeza: Izimpawu Zezinganekwane

Brahma

Yeqela kokuqukethwe ku-tvyremont.com ...

UVeles

Izinkulungwane zeminyaka zishintshana...

I-Perun

Izinganekwane zamaSlavic Izinganekwane zamaGreki nezamaRoma ...

I-Marzanna

Abantu ababehlala eVistula, njengamanye amaSlav ngaphambi ...

Svarog

Kusukela kudala, umuntu ubelokhu efuna izimpendulo ...

isishingishane

UTyphon uyindodana encane kaGaia noThartharus ngesiGreek ...

Ama-Achilles

Ezinganekwaneni zamaGreki, u-Achilles uyiqhawe neqhawe ...

Theseus

UTheus uyinkosana yase-Athene neqhawe lamaGreki ...
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